An immediate denture is a complete or partial denture that is fitted immediately after having teeth extracted. It is often a stop-gap solution, as your gums need time to heal before a permanent denture is fitted. To prevent the embarrassment of missing teeth during this time, an immediate denture is the answer. You’ll be able to eat and speak as normal while your gums heal, and you’ll get used to wearing a denture.
An immediate denture requires planning. Before we extract your teeth, we’ll take a series of impressions to determine the precise shade, size and shape of your teeth. Then, we take a bite registration to get a proper vertical dimension. This tells us how open or closed your mouth will be after we fit your denture. We’ll make your denture in time for your appointment so you can wear it as soon as you’ve had your extractions.
When you first receive your denture, we recommend that you wear it continually for 48 hours. This helps to control bleeding and promote healing. You’ll need a follow-up appointment a few days later so we can make any necessary adjustments. Cold, soft foods will be easier to manage at first, and they’ll help to reduce swelling. Avoid smoking and alcohol. Several times a day, place a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water (not hot), remove your denture and rinse your mouth. Do this until healed.
For more information about dentures, read our FAQ below. If you’d like to speak with one of our denture technicians, please call us on (02) 4655 4438.
As far as materials go, there usually isn’t any difference, just the process is different.
The biggest advantage is that the patient does not need to go without teeth while the denture is being made and the denture may act as a band-aid to minimise swelling and control bleeding. These dentures will have to be re-adjusted once your mouth heals. In the meantime, immediate dentures can help you eat and speak while your gums are healing.
The disadvantage is that the denture cannot be tried in in advance. The inside of the immediate denture is an estimate of what the bone might look like after the teeth are removed. After the bone heals the immediate denture will usually need to be relined (have acrylic added to it).
The immediate denture procedure is fairly straightforward. Initially, an impression is taken of your upper and lower teeth, also a bite registration is taken to obtain a proper vertical dimension (a way of telling how open or closed you will ultimately be once the denture is placed). The denture is then processed and will be ready for you to take with you to your extraction appointment.
Immediate dentures are a common type of denture, because the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period.
It is usually a good idea to wear the dentures for 48 hours straight after getting them. This can help stop bleeding and promote healing. You will be rebooked a few days after the dentures are placed for adjustments. You may also require a reline following healing. Cold, soft foods will be easier to manage initially and help decrease future swelling. Avoid smoking and alcohol. Several times a day, until healed, place a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water (not hot), remove denture, and rinse mouth gently.
Immediate dentures often need to be relined because they get loose as the bone heals after teeth are removed. A relined immediate denture can be used for many years. Even if you do not have immediate dentures, every few years you will usually require a reline as your mouth and bone change.
You will take care of immediate dentures as you would any denture. We recommend that you take your dentures out at night and place them in water to prevent them from drying out. It also provides your mouth with a rest from the dentures and allows the tissue to breathe.
You should clean your dentures after every meal, or at least before bed. Fill a sink with water or clean them over a towel (in case you drop the denture) and clean your dentures with a soft bristle toothbrush and a dish washing liquid, like morning fresh. Do not use toothpaste as it is too abrasive to the acrylic. Remember that dentures are fragile so try not to drop or bend them.
It will take some time to adjust to your new dentures, similar to adjusting to a new pair of shoes. Eating and speaking will be a little of a challenge at first, but with time you will learn how to use the dentures. Everyone is different and it may take some long to adjust then others, but eventually adaption will occur. To get used to them, you must wear them! It doesn’t help if you continue to take them out. You need to give yourself at least 2 weeks until they settle in.