Dentures can be a life-changing addition for many people. Our teeth are integral to our self-confidence and the way we eat, drink, and enjoy our lives. Partial or immediate dentures serve a vital role in restoring dental function and overall confidence, but when your dentures aren’t working the way they are supposed to, they can seem like a burden rather than a blessing.
Understanding the causes of sore gum related to dentures is the first step in knowing how to address and fix the problem. In this article, we’ll cover some of the most common reasons for denture-related oral pain and a few of the ways you can treat the problem.
Causes of Denture Gum Pain
Changes to Your Gums
Our gums, like any part of our body, change over time and as we age. If you have had your denture for some time your gums may have changed shape and are no longer providing the precision fit they once did. This can lead to rubbing and movement which causes aches and pain.
While partial and immediate dentures are hard-wearing, they are not indestructible. Accidents do sometimes happen that can damage your denture and if your denture is damaged it is likely it will no longer be providing the precision fit it once did, leading to movement and rubbing on your gums.
Incorrectly Fitted Dentures
In some rare cases, there is the possibility that your dentures have a problem with their fitting that is unrelated to any changes in your mouth or your gums. Errors during the casting or manufacturing stage can mean that your denture doesn’t have the precision fit that it should. If you have recurring problems, don’t be afraid to ask your dentist who will be more than happy to help fix the error.
Broken or Damaged Teeth
Partial dentures require the fitting and support of your existing teeth to function correctly. If your teeth have become broken or damaged since the initial fitting of your denture, then it’s likely that adjustments will need to be made to provide a proper fit.
Treatment and Prevention
Seeking the assistance of a dental specialist is always the best option when it comes to solving problems when your dentures, but for minor issues or while you are waiting to see a specialist, there are a few things you can try at home.
Keep Your Dentures Clean
Keeping your dentures clean and well maintained is one of the most important steps you can take to ensure that they are kept in the best condition and avoid any unwanted pain or movement. Dentures should be taken out and cleaned nightly to prevent the build-up of bacteria. Always use room temperature or cooler water as hot water can damage your dentures. Finally, avoid using whitening products as they will not work on denture material but do risk causing damage.
Good Oral Hygiene
Maintaining good oral hygiene is the best way to help prevent problems with your teeth and gums that could lead to issues with your dentures. Cleaning your teeth regularly, flossing after meals, and using a non-alcoholic mouthwash that won’t aggravate your gums will help to keep your mouth healthy.
Treating the Pain
If you have short-term pain or are waiting to see a dental specialist there are a few options you can use to treat and alleviate the pain. Topical anaesthetics combined with anti-inflammatory medication can help with localised pain. Saltwater rinses are also good for easing overall oral and gum pain.
Help from a Dental Specialist
While there may be lots of things you can do to help alleviate the problems of gum and oral pain from your dentures, ultimately the best course of action will always be to seek the help of a dental specialist. A dental specialist will be in the best position to help you identify exactly what is the root cause of any denture-related oral pain and help you to fix the problem.
Your denture is uniquely crafted to precisely fit your mouth, providing the best and most natural fit possible. The dental specialist will be able to both examine and identify the problem leading to your gum pain, as well as make any precision adjustments that may be required to fix the issue without risking damage to your denture. If the problem with your immediate or partial denture is more severe than a small adjustment fix will correct, then your dental specialist will also be the best-qualified person to explore options for reshaping or replacing your denture.